Archaeologists have uncovered a vast harbor complex, which is believed to be the oldest harbor ever found, that helped to extend the domain of Egyptian pharaoh Khufu by shipping copper and other minerals from Egypt to the rest of the Mediterranean world.
The harbor is believed to be about 4,500 years old. Pierre Tallet, an Egyptologist at the University of Paris-Sorbonne and director of the archaeological mission, says that the harbor "predates by more than 1,000 years any other port structure known in the world."
The harbor was constructed along the shores of the Red Sea in the Wadi al-Jarf region about 112 miles south of Suez. It's discovery was made by a French-Egyptian group from the French Institute for Archaeological Studies.
The researchers also discovered, in addition to the dock structures, several anchors that had been carved of stone, storage jars, fragments of rope, and pieces of pottery. They also unearthed some exceptionally well-preserved papyrus documents, which Mohamed Ibrahim, Minister of State for Antiquities, says is "the oldest papyri ever found in Egypt."