A new species has been discovered in South Africa called Gondwanascorpio emzantsiensis, and is now considered to be the oldest known land animal to have lived on Gondwana, a part of Earth's former supercontinent. The scorpion species provides interesting clues about the development of life before Earth's continents broke apart to form the world that is familiar to us today.
It's also the earliest evidence to date of terrestrial animals on Gondwana, a land mass which included present-day Africa, South America and Australia, and made up the southern portion of the supercontinent Pangea. So far, evidence of early land life such as this had only been found on the northern part of Pangea, an area known as Laurasia. Laurasia included North America and Asia.
Robert Gess of the Evolutionary Studies Institute at Wits University, who discovered the scorpion fragments near Grahamstown in South Africa's Eastern Cape, says:
"There has been no evidence that Gondwana was inhabited by land living invertebrate animals at that time."